adminComment(0) Development with NAnt. Abstract: Visual is the most powerful, complete IDE. Microsoft has ever released. Its support for writing code. Filter Reference List of Filters that can be used in FilterChains. Portions of this document have been directly copied from the Apache Ant user manual. Tasks do not have to be in a target. Tasks that appear directly in the project are executed inorder before any tasks in targets are executed. • monpaysofchlesspi.gaess and .

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Writing NAnt scripts for NDoc, FxCop,NUnit. and NCoverage. The best place to start learning is to just dig in on a small project and refer back to the NAnt User Manual. Outside of doing that, here are a few places I've found. This tutorial will teach you how to use Apache ANT to automate the build and .. NAnt is build tool that is similar to ANT, except that is used to build.

Sounds obvious? Maybe, but what is involved in making a build? Here are some common tasks you might perform when doing a build your builds might exclude some of these steps or include additional steps: Get the latest source from source code control Configure the build you probably want to put the output of the build into a directory that identifies the version of the software, the build number, and whether or not this is a debug build Compile the code Run unit tests Create documentation from source code comments Include non-code output files in the output of the build images,.

Instead of manually running commands and copying files, you can set everything up in a build tool and have it all run automatically. Why use NAnt? Of course you can build from within Visual Studio, but as described above, build tools like NAnt offer you much more power and flexibility. For starters, NAnt doesn't require Visual Studio. As long as you have the.

NET Framework, you can do builds. Here is a partial list of things you can do with NAnt: Use its built-in support for CVS updates and checkouts to automatically get the latest source files Use it to configure builds Use it to compile. Net and J Use it's built in support for NUnit to automatically run unit tests Use it's built in support for NDoc to automatically create documentation from source code comments currently C only Use it to copy non-code output files to the build directory Use it to package builds into.

NET code into your build files. An example of NAnt's capabilities were demonstrated in a project I recently worked on.

In this project I needed it to be built for development, stage, and production environments and the configuration data connection string, for example differed for each environment.

A much better solution than editing configuration files by hand for each environment. Follow these steps to download and install NAnt: From http: Your browser displays the NAnt project on sourceforge.

Click the link for the build that you want at the time of this writing, the latest stable build is nant Click the download icon next to the mirror closest to you. You should be prompted for a location to save the.

If not, click the link at the top of the page.

MSBuild Tutorial - The comprehensive guide

Save the. Unzip the file and save its contents to a suitable location I use C: That's it. Open a command window and enter: One note: NAnt may be configured out of the box to use a different.

NET Framework version than you would like. For example, NAnt 0. NET Framework version 1. If you only have version 1.

The system cannot find the file specified To change the default framework version, you need to edit NAnt. Change the default argument in the platform tag to the.

NET Framework version you would like to use as the default. The following example sets the default Framework to use to 1. NET Framework version in one of your build files, you can override his setting by setting the nant.

NAnt is a command-line application that acts on build files that you write in XML. Each build file contains one project and any number of properties and targets.


A property is a variable and a target is a set of tasks. An example is worth a thousand words, so here is Hello World as an NAnt build file: If there is more than one build file in the current directory, NAnt looks for one named default.

You can explicitly specify the build file to use with the -buildfile: The default argument specifies which target NAnt is to execute by default. In this case, NAnt will execute the hello target by default. The 'Hello World' example defines one property and one target.

The property is named hello. Properties don't have to be named with periods, but often are in NAnt build files. The 'Hello World' example's one target is named hello and it contains one task. Assuming you named the 'Hello World' example build file default.

How About a More Practical Example? In addition to the build target, it includes a debug target. This enables you to specify whether or not this build should including debugging information: There are targets for debug and release. You include these targets on the command line to specify the type of build configuration. Notice that release is the default configuration. The build target has a depends argument.

This tells NAnt to make sure the init target is up to date before calling the build target. The init target calls another target explicitly.

In this case, it calls either the release or debug target. Using the namespace helps you develop the build file in Visual Studio using Intellisense.

The build file contains a single target named Build. This target contains two tasks: Message and MSBuild. Message outputs a message to the console and is used primarily for debugging purposes. MSBuild runs a configurable number of targets on another build file.

Since the. In this case, we call the target Build in the. All projects generated by Visual Studio automatically implement the Clean, Build and Rebuild targets. These targets are actually executed when you select the similar commands in the Build menu from within Visual Studio.

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Properties To be able to parameterize a build script, MSBuild has implemented properties. Properties can be defined both outside and inside the scope of a target. When a property is defined as in this example, the value of the property is assigned before executing the actual targets.

In this example, I define a property called MyReleaseOutput and add the value. I have added two targets as well: Build and Release.

The Build target is similar to the one specified in the previous example, while the Release target is new. The Release target introduces a new attribute called DependsOnTargets, which is the way to define dependencies between targets in MSBuild. If you run the Build target manually before running the Release target, the Build target is run only once.

The release target introduces two new tasks as well. MakeDir, which well you guessed it creates a new directory and Copy, which copies on or more files from A to B.

MakeDir contains a single attribute, defining the path of the new directory.

In this example that path is the value of the MyReleaseOutput property. The copy task in our example points out a single file and the destination folder where this file should be copied to when executing the Release target.

Items The example above copied a single file from one directory to another. This can certainly be useful in many situations, but sometimes this is simply not flexible enough. This is where items come in.

An item gives the possibility of creating dynamic lists of, for instance, file names.

This means that the content is calculated before actually running any targets. The item contains a single attribute called Include, which acts as a filter for the generated file list. I use this item in the copy task beneath the Release target to indicate which files should be copied when doing a release. The Include filter decides which file to include. We also have the possibility to specify an Exclude filter.

An item containing both Include and Exclude will be generated by taking all the files specified in the Include and subtracting the files specified in the Exlude. The last two examples of using items are actually not that useful because the content for the MyReleaseFiles item is generated before running the actual targets.

Let us fix the example.

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Conditions Besides the Property and ItemGroup task in a previous example, our build scripts have been very static until now. This can be sufficient for a lot of projects, but sometimes you need slightly more flexible build scripts. A feature for fulfilling this in MSBuild is called Conditions.

A condition in MSBuild is not that different from a condition in other software languages. You can define conditions on all targets and almost all tasks. But of course you are already quite an MSBuild expert, so I think you will manage.

First of all, I have added a new property named Configuration. This property contains a condition attribute, which determines the value of the property at runtime. If the Configuration property has not been set up front; the value of the attribute is set to Debug. Properties can be set upfront by using a special syntax on the command line: Msbuild. I changed all references to the debug, with the value of the new Configuration property.

This means that I am now able to run the script in both Debug and Release mode. The last new addition is the condition attribute on the release target. This condition examines if the value of the Configuration property is Release and only allows execution of the Release target if this condition is true. Used where a target needs to call another target at a specific place inside the target itself. If the target were just dependant on the other target being executed, we would use the DependsOnTargets attribute instead.

Copy — We already saw this task in action. Copies one or more files from A to B. Delete — Deletes on or more files. Exec — Executes an external process. This is typically used to executed external tools, which did not implement MSBuild targets themself.

MakeDir — Creates one or more directories. Message — Outputs a message to the console. RemoveDir — Removes one or more directories. And there are a lot more.Popular in Nature. The name of the task as well as the assembly name is specified. Ankit Vyas. Please Sign up or sign in to vote. I have a question about executing sonar command.

Email Required, but never shown. Derik Whittaker Derik Whittaker 1 5 9. This article was written for developers with a working knowledge of. The copy task in our example points out a single file and the destination folder where this file should be copied to when executing the Release target. Knowing that DateTime contains a static property name Now, I can simply reference this through the double comma :: syntax, which translates into a dot.

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